After graduating in piano at the Conservatory of Salerno under the guidance of Franco Pinna and the High School of Sapri, Salvatore Caputo gained experience in the cities of Florence (choral conducting with Vittorio Sicuri, orchestral conducting with Bruno Rigacci, repertoire of opera from the 1900s with Giancarlo Montanaro), Pisa (operatic repertoire with Pieralba Soroga), Bologna (orchestral conducting with Corrado De Sessa at the Philharmonic Academy) and Milan (directing with Paolo Vaglieri).
From March 2000 to December 2004, he worked at the Teatro Comunale in Florence as assistant to Maestro José Luis Basso, with the Choir of Florence. In February 2005, Maestro Tito Capobianco invited he to the Teatro Colon in Buenos Aires as a chorus master. He thus became the fourth Italian Maestro to hold this prestigious position following in the footsteps of Tullio Boni, Romano Gandolfi and Vittorio Sicuri.
In September 2009, he was invited by Maestros Gianni Tangucci and Cesare Mazzonis to be chorus master at the San Carlo Theatre in Naples. Under the guidance of Maestro Riccardo Muti, Maurizio Benini and James Conlon, he was successful in the playing of the Stabat Mater and Rossini's Messe Solemnelle, in Requiem, Stabat Mater and Verdi's Te Deum. In the field of opera, the choir has gained the great success of critics and the audience in Verdi'’s I Masnadieri (DVD) and Vepres Siciliennes, of which the complete version was produced under the guidance of Maestro Gianluigi Gelmetti, Fliegende Hollander of Wagner, in Leoncavallo’s Pagliacci with the magnificent direction of Daniele Finzi Pasca, Mascagni's Cavalleria rusticana and in Gershwin’s Porgy and Bess conducted by Wayne Marshall.
For the Theatre, he directed Bernstein's Chichester psalms, Dallapiccola's Canti di prigionia, Faure's Requiem, Liszt’s version of Beethoven's 9th Symphony, Carmina Burana by Orff, Britten's A Ceremony of Carols, Puccini's Requiem, Taralli's Stabat mater, Ramirez's Misa Criolla, Guastavino’s Indianas, Bo Holten's Valsevaerk No. 2, Rachmaninov's Op. 15 and Panariello's Requiem.
He was part of the travel to Russian, Chile, to the Les Nuits de Fourviere festival in Lyon, to the 41 Hong Kong's Festival, at the Festival of Two Worlds in Spoleto, the Roman Theatre in Pompeii and to the archaeological areas of San Leucio and Paestum.
In July 2014 he won the international public competition organized by the Grand Theatre of Bordeaux in France to fill the place of choirmaster where he worked with Marc Minkovsky.